A draft bill that will enable the government to undertake land and real property registration, in all urban areas nationwide, will be tabled to the Council of Ministers, by January.
If ratified, the bill will require all urban residents to register any property for which they have a land use right. This can be done by presenting land deeds, or equivalent proof, to an assigned government body. Any immovable property, such as buildings erected on the land, are also required to be registered.
The registering government body will survey the land, match the title deed with their own land information system, and finally issue a title certificate or book. These will serve as proof of land use rights, or immovable property ownership, similar to title deeds.
Any dispute or claim to land use rights, will be based on possession of these title certificates or books, according to the draft.
All registered parcels will be given a unique identification number, which will be used as a pass key to access information about the land, the draft reads. The identification number will also be written on the title certificate or book to be issued to title holders.
A Federal Land & Real Property Registration Agency has already been set up to oversee the registration process. Regional counterparts will also be set up to administer the property registration system.
The agency for Addis Ababa has also already been set up and is recruiting staff, according to an official from the federal agency who requested anonymity.
The re-registration project aims to identify urban land resources, help protect citizens’ rights to land use and develop a complete cadastral map. The information gathered from the registration will also be used as input in creating digital and paper maps, the Bill states.
It will also help towards completing the cadastral map, at the capital and federal level, which the government has undertaken since 2010.
The bill is necessary since the current system is marred by incomplete information, a lax protection of land information, leading to forgery, and a large number of disputes over property, according to the agency official.
The government is hoping to start the project in Addis Ababa and then move on to 23 regional cities. Every urban area will be covered, step by step, according to the project. READ MORE…
image credit: Ilya Varlamov
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