• Social inclusion: a platform for social integration in Cosmo City

    The thesis aims to explore how architecture and urban design as a tool can create an inclusive environment that allows diverse people to gather and socialise. And in addition question how principles of movement, access, multi- use and open space can create a design that becomes responsive to its context and users.

  • Globalization and social exclusion in cities: framing the debate with lessons from Africa and Asia

    This paper considers the contradictory roles demanded of city governments as they seek to keep their cities competitive in an increasingly globalized world economy while also having increasing responsibilities for addressing social problems, and making local economic development less exclusionary. After reviewing debates on globalization, social exclusion and their interconnections, the paper discusses the impact of globalization on the sweepers in Faisalabad (Pakistan) and on livelihoods in Johannesburg…

  • WIEGO briefs on informal employment in South Africa, Ghana and Kenya

    Four briefs written by Debbie Budlender at Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO) illustrate statisics on informal employment in South Africa, Ghana and Kenya respectively. The South African brief provides methodological insight, while the Ghana and Kenya briefs provide fact sheets on informal employment. Measuring Informal Employment in South Africa: The New Quarterly Labour Force Survey discusses how…

  • Urbanisation and Development in South Africa: Economic Imperatives, Spatial Distortions and Strategic Responses

    South Africa is one of the most urbanised countries in Africa. Urbanisation has been a source of controversy posing dilemmas for successive governments and resulting in wide-ranging interventions to control it in various ways. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries a distinctive form of racial segregation was put in place, reflecting the needs of industrialisation for cheap migrant labour, but political nervousness about permanent urbanisation. After World War II political…

  • Urbanisation and Development in South Africa: Economic Imperatives, Spatial Distortions and Strategic Responses

    This paper outlines the experience of urbanisation in South Africa, which is now one of the most populous and urbanised countries in Africa. For over a century, urbanisation has been a source of controversy posing dilemmas for successive governments and resulting in wide-ranging interventions to control it in various ways. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a distinctive form of racially segregated urban development was put in place, reflecting the needs of the economy for cheap migrant labour to support rapid industrialisation…

  • The power of mining: the fall of gold and rise of Johannesburg.

    The City of Johannesburg has developed through the entire life-cycle of the mining industry. In its early years, its development was tied to the varying, but generally upward, fortunes of the mining industry. During this time, gold mining in Johannesburg, and along the Witwatersrand, propelled the growth of South Africa’s national economy into a phase of self-sustained development, and created an integrated labour market across southern Africa. It also played a key role in shaping the racial oligarchy that dominated South Africa until the fall of apartheid in the 1990s. However, gold was eventually to decline, first in the areas around Johannesburg, and then elsewhere. The growth of Johannesburg…

  • The Case of Durban, South Africa

    Recent critical reflection on post-Apartheid housing, urban development and other policies is, however, highlighting a number of weaknesses that reveal a failure to adequately address the spatial and socio-economic legacies of the past and sustain the positive impact of infrastructural interventions (cf. BESG 1999; Charlton 2001).

  • Effective Crime Prevention in Durban, South Africa

    South Africa has experienced soaring crime levels during the last years of apartheid, which continue unabated into the ten years of democracy. Durban, the largest city in the KwaZulu-Natal province, has increased by 15% between 2001/2002 and 2004/2005, with more than 190 000 cases of crime between 2004/2005. The city officials have therefore forged development negotiations, peace pacts and partnerships that have come about as mechanisms to prevent crime in Durban. This has been facilitated…

  • From Conceptual Frameworks to Quantitative Models: Spatial planning in the Durban metropolitan area, South Africa – the link to housing and infrastructure planning

    This case study discusses the links between spatial planning and the planning for public housing and infrastructure provision in Durban – these being key components influencing and driving the development of the city. It looks at how the approach to spatial planning has changed, the limits of the type of broad spatial planning that was undertaken following the critique of master planning, but also the constraints on its effectiveness that lead to disjunctures between plans and outcomes. A number…

  • Township Renewal: Kwa-Mashu Case Study

    This case study has relied to a great extent on first-hand knowledge and materials produced by Len Baars, Senior Manager: Projects, Economic Development Unit, eThekwini Municipality. In addition, we have made use of the National Treasury’s Neighbourhood Development Programme, KwaMashu Town Centre Regeneration Project case study, currently in discussion draft form. KwaMashu is a township situated 25km north of the Durban city centre…