Effective Crime Prevention in Durban, South Africa

South Africa has experienced soaring crime levels during the last years of apartheid, which continue unabated into the ten years of democracy. Durban, the largest city in the KwaZulu-Natal province, has increased by 15% between 2001/2002 and 2004/2005, with more than 190 000 cases of crime between 2004/2005. The city officials have therefore forged development negotiations, peace pacts and partnerships that have come about as mechanisms to prevent crime in Durban. This has been facilitated…

Accra Ghana: A City Vulnerable to Flooding and Drought-Induced Migration

This case study will address some expected climate-related impacts on Accra, Ghana, a rapidly developing coastal city with a population of about 3 million people on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. For this study, urban climate change impacts will be considered in the context of historical urban growth patterns in Accra, the influence of longstanding migration patterns from the interior and other coastal locations, and the threat of flooding from streams and other urban waterways. All of these…

Planning Education in Ghana

This case study is a contribution to the Global Report on Human Settlements 2009 chapter on planning education with the objective of assessing the capacity of planning education to respond to the changing needs of the country. The paper discusses the origins of planning education in Ghana and the various theoretical debates that have shaped planning to the point as it is taught and practiced today. The Ghana case study illustrates the legacy of colonial planning education…

From Conceptual Frameworks to Quantitative Models: Spatial planning in the Durban metropolitan area, South Africa – the link to housing and infrastructure planning

This case study discusses the links between spatial planning and the planning for public housing and infrastructure provision in Durban – these being key components influencing and driving the development of the city. It looks at how the approach to spatial planning has changed, the limits of the type of broad spatial planning that was undertaken following the critique of master planning, but also the constraints on its effectiveness that lead to disjunctures between plans and outcomes. A number…

Planning within a Context of Informality: Issues and Trends in Land Delivery in Enugu, Nigeria

By exploring the nature and extent of informality in land markets and the ways in which land, and, to a lesser extent, services are delivered and managed in situations where the public sector is unable or unwilling to fulfil this function, this case study of Enugu in Nigeria aims to deepen understanding of how informal (customary) land delivery is organized and the roles of the various actors involved. In this introductory section, the paper begins with a broad overview of the literature on the various issues that…

Linking the Green and Brown Agendas: A Case Study on Cairo, Egypt

The green agenda in cities is about ensuring the natural ecosystems of land, water and air are part of the city and its management. The brown agenda is about managing wastes, energy, transport and buildings. This paper uses the case study of Cairo to illustrate how these two agendas can be integrated and how town planning is necessary to facilitate this process.

Self-Help, a Viable Non-Conventional Urban Public Service Delivery Strategy: Lessons from Cameroon

Although cities with populations in excess of 1million receive almost all the attention from national and international development authorities, most urban dwellers in developing countries live in cities with populations below 50,000. Neglecting such smaller- and medium-sized cities often means that they receive little or no support from the central government and international sources.

Township Renewal: Mitchells Plain Case Study

This case study has relied to a great extent on first-hand knowledge and materials produced by Alastair Graham and Ivan Anthony for
the City of Cape Town. Download the full paper here.

Township Renewal: Kwa-Mashu Case Study

This case study has relied to a great extent on first-hand knowledge and materials produced by Len Baars, Senior Manager: Projects, Economic Development Unit, eThekwini Municipality. In addition, we have made use of the National Treasury’s Neighbourhood Development Programme, KwaMashu Town Centre Regeneration Project case study, currently in discussion draft form. KwaMashu is a township situated 25km north of the Durban city centre…

Africa’s Urban Land Markets: Piecing Together an Economic Puzzle

This guide first outlines the pieces of the urban land market puzzle, explaining how they can be assembled in a variety of ways to form different pictures – and how they are moved and reshaped by a variety of forces. To help make sense of this complex market place, we also highlight some of the practical problems facing African cities in trying to make land markets work for poor people and the (sometimes conflicting) roles of different actors in this environment. We begin…