This paper analyses urban poverty in Ethiopia using two rounds of household survey data from the Ethiopian Urban Household survey. Poverty estimates are provided to highlight the degree of deprivation experienced by urban Ethiopians. The results show that the incidence of urban poverty is high with a head count index of 41 percent in 1994 and 43 percent in 2000. The results from the decomposition of poverty into growth and inequality effects confirm that both growth and re-distribution are useful instruments in combating poverty. Further, examination of the association between different socioeconomic characteristics and poverty reveals that households consisting of casual workers and female heads engaged in household business activities are relatively poor. Conversely, households where the household head has completed college or university education suffer from the least incidence of poverty. The results of the study increase our understanding of the nature of urban poverty in Ethiopia and aid in devising appropriate policies to mitigate the problem.
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|Publisher||University of Sydney|
|Author(s)||Tesfaye Alemayehu Gebremedhin|