City limits: Urbanisation and vulnerability in Sudan. Port Sudan case study


This study explores the process of urbanisation in Port Sudan and the challenges and opportunities it presents. In particular, it aims to deepen understanding of the drivers of urbanisation in Port Sudan; analyse the consequences of rapid urbanisation in terms of livelihoods, basic services and infrastructure; explore the particular vulnerabilities of urban populations; and outline options to support vulnerable groups. The report argues that the exponential growth of Port Sudan’s population, driven by recurrent waves of displacement resulting from drought, conflict and rural poverty, has not been matched by increased job opportunities. The great majority of displaced people in Port Sudan live in highly precarious conditions with poor or non-existent access to basic services and livelihoods. Responding to their multiple vulnerabilities calls for the prioritisation of their needs in urban development and planning by government authorities. Donors and UN agencies should jointly support the authorities in this and, in partnership with local actors, increase their strategic focus and coordinate their efforts in the region, and in Port Sudan in particular.

Full Text

The full report is available from the Humanitarian Policy Group, Overseas Development Institute



Publisher Humanitarian Policy Group - Overseas Development Institute
Year 2011
Author(s) Ati H A, Pavanello S, Jaspars S, Hashim A A, Idriss M, Pantuliano S
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