South Africa has experienced soaring crime levels during the last years of apartheid, which continue unabated into the ten years of democracy. Durban, the largest city in the KwaZulu-Natal province, has increased by 15% between 2001/2002 and 2004/2005, with more than 190 000 cases of crime between 2004/2005. The city officials have therefore forged development negotiations, peace pacts and partnerships that have come about as mechanisms to prevent crime in Durban. This has been facilitated by the 1996 South African constitution and various pieces of legislation like the 1995 South African Police Service Act. The White Paper on Safety and Security, 1999 – 2004 and the National Crime Prevention Strategy, 1996 (Revised 1999). All these efforts are an attempt to strengthen community based involvement in the development process the new South Africa, a notion that aligns well with the concept of participatory democracy. The paper therefore looks at some of the results of these efforts. Key issues are centered around creating and carrying out partnership processes, the problems (and value) of incorporating the informal sector into crime prevention efforts, targeting programs for vulnerable groups, and crafting effective social and environmental design initiatives.
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|Author(s)||Zambuko O, Edwards C|