Urban communities are heterogeneous and averages mask inequities and deprivations among poor and rich urban communities. This article examines the situation of households residing in two low-income, high-density suburbs of Harare, Zimbabwe. The aim of the research was to contextualise urban poverty by looking at selected urban communities and vertically analysing the patterns and determinants of poverty. A household survey was administered to 1000 households and qualitative data were collected through focus group discussions and key informant interviews. The study found high levels of income poverty and also found differences in poverty experiences between the two suburbs. The major proximate determinants of poverty were large family size; low education level of the household head; lack of income from permanent employment; low cash transfers; and short length of residence in the suburb. Increasing household income consumption can be addressed through scaling-up industries, which would result in more quality employment.
Full article by Development South Africa, Special Issue: Towards Resilient Urban Communities via Taylor & Francis Online (subscription required).
Photo credit: SuSanA Secretariat
|Publication Type||Journal article|
|Publisher||Development Southern Africa|
|Author(s)||Jeanette Manjengwa, Collen Matema & Doreen Tirivanhu|
|Other Numbers||33(1): 23-38|