Pascale Philifert (2014). Morocco 2011/2012: Persistence of Past Urban Policies or a New Historical Sequence for Urban Action. Built Environment, Vol. 40 n° 1, March 2014.
To analyse the present situation in Morocco from the perspective of urban policies, following the social protests of the ‘February 20th Movement’ in 2011, we must ask whether the management policies and urban planning of the past are continuing or whether there is a new urban agenda based on a new framework and modus operandi. To answer this, we focus the historical dynamic around three temporal sequences characterized by government changes associated with shifts in urban action. First we analyse the period during which Abderrahman Youssoufi’s Alternance government was in power (1998–2002). This was a key moment that symbolizes the break with the authoritarian regime of Hassan II and is characterized by major reformist ambitions (promoting participative urbanism practices, for example) that were only partially realized. Then, we see in a second period, from the appointment of a new Prime Minister in 2002, the changes that emerged with the implementation of urban policy programmes: a technocratic approach, the assertion of public-private partnerships, the promotion of large-scale urban projects. This period was also marked, following the Casablanca bombings, by new methods of intervention towards slums and their populations. Finally, we discuss the current period which began in 2011 with the ‘February 20th Movement’ and which demonstrates the limits of the dynamics of reforms over the last ten years. Constitutional reform was initiated by Mohamed VI, followed by elections that resulted in a government led by the PJD. In the areas of urbanism and planning, the proposals appear to represent a continuation of previous policies (combating slums, promoting social housing and new towns etc.).
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|Publication Type||Journal article|