Fox. S. 2014. ‘The Political Economy of Slums: Theory and Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa.’ World Development (54), February 2014, Pages 191–203.
Over 800 million people in Africa, Asia, and Latin America live in slums. Why? This paper argues that slums are a result of “disjointed modernization” and show that 70% of cross-country variation in slum incidence is explained by demographic, economic, and institutional factors. It traces the origins of disjointed modernization in sub-Saharan Africa back to the colonial period and shows that colonial era investments and institutions are reflected in contemporary variation in slum incidence. The paper argues that status quo interests and the rise of an anti-urbanization bias in development discourse have inhibited investment and reform in the postcolonial era.
|Publication Type||Journal article|
|Publisher||World Development/Science Direct|