• The Case of Durban, South Africa

    Recent critical reflection on post-Apartheid housing, urban development and other policies is, however, highlighting a number of weaknesses that reveal a failure to adequately address the spatial and socio-economic legacies of the past and sustain the positive impact of infrastructural interventions (cf. BESG 1999; Charlton 2001).

  • Poor Urban Communities and Municipal Interface in Ghana: A Case Study of Accra and Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis

    Like many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, Ghana, is undergoing a rapid pace of urbanization associated with socio-economic, environmental, and institutional challenges for urban residents and local government authorities. Under Ghana’s laws, Metropolitan Assemblies (large city local governments) have overall responsibility for the development of their respective cities. This article explores the poor urban communities—municipal interface based on a study carried out in the largest (Accra) and third largest (Sekondi-Takoradi) cities. The study concludes…

  • The Case of Lusaka, Zambia

    Lusaka is the capital city of Zambia, a country in the Central African Plateau with an average altitude of 1,000 to 1,400 m above sea level. Zambia is generally considered to be a Southern African country, because of its strong social and economic ties with the countries in the Southern African sub-continent rather than those in Central and Eastern Africa. Zambia lies between latitudes 100º and 180º south and 220º and 330º east. It is landlocked and shares borders with eight neighbouring countries. Zambia has a land area of 752,614 km and a population of just over 10 million…

  • The Case of Khartoum, Sudan

    Rapid, unorganised, sometimes unauthorised urban growth (urban sprawl) has become a prominent feature of developing countries, and the Sudan is no exception. This urban growth is generally measured by increases in area and density more than by functional development. Rural mass exodus to Sudanese urban centres is attributed mainly to geographically and socially uneven development and the concomitant depression of rural ecosystems and communities, the long civil war and armed conflicts, natural disasters like drought and famine, and the failure of government economic…

  • Improving urban management in townships

    This module explores the urban management challenge. It defines urban management, reviews its specific functions, explores the historical origins of the present management deficit in townships and isolates the factors that inhibit effective urban management today.

  • A place to live: a case study of the Ijora – Badia community in Lagos, Nigeria

    In 1973, three years after the end of Nigeria’s civil war, the Federal Military Government acquired a large tract of land comprised of a sprawling old settlement known as Oluwole Village in the Iganmu (central Lagos) for the purpose of building Nigeria’s National Arts Theatre. The theatre was to be a key edifice to grace the African Festival of Arts and Culture (FESTAC) that Nigeria hosted in 1977.

  • From Conceptual Frameworks to Quantitative Models: Spatial planning in the Durban metropolitan area, South Africa – the link to housing and infrastructure planning

    This case study discusses the links between spatial planning and the planning for public housing and infrastructure provision in Durban – these being key components influencing and driving the development of the city. It looks at how the approach to spatial planning has changed, the limits of the type of broad spatial planning that was undertaken following the critique of master planning, but also the constraints on its effectiveness that lead to disjunctures between plans and outcomes. A number…

  • Planning within a Context of Informality: Issues and Trends in Land Delivery in Enugu, Nigeria

    By exploring the nature and extent of informality in land markets and the ways in which land, and, to a lesser extent, services are delivered and managed in situations where the public sector is unable or unwilling to fulfil this function, this case study of Enugu in Nigeria aims to deepen understanding of how informal (customary) land delivery is organized and the roles of the various actors involved. In this introductory section, the paper begins with a broad overview of the literature on the various issues that…

  • Self-Help, a Viable Non-Conventional Urban Public Service Delivery Strategy: Lessons from Cameroon

    Although cities with populations in excess of 1million receive almost all the attention from national and international development authorities, most urban dwellers in developing countries live in cities with populations below 50,000. Neglecting such smaller- and medium-sized cities often means that they receive little or no support from the central government and international sources.

  • Township Renewal: Mitchells Plain Case Study

    This case study has relied to a great extent on first-hand knowledge and materials produced by Alastair Graham and Ivan Anthony for
    the City of Cape Town. Download the full paper here.