• Building Urban Safety through Slum Upgrading

    Excluded from the city’s opportunities, physically, politically and economically marginalized, slum dwellers are particularly vulnerable to crime and violence. They face an acute risk of becoming victims or offenders and live in a state of constant insecurity. Only a few cities have incorporated a coherent component to prevent crime and mitigate violence in their urban development agendas. Impact on urban safety has occurred somewhat unexpectedly. That is the main lesson to be drawn from the pages of this book: urban policy integration. “Among the several forms of…

  • Africa’s Urban Land Markets: Piecing Together an Economic Puzzle

    This guide first outlines the pieces of the urban land market puzzle, explaining how they can be assembled in a variety of ways to form different pictures – and how they are moved and reshaped by a variety of forces. To help make sense of this complex market place, we also highlight some of the practical problems facing African cities in trying to make land markets work for poor people and the (sometimes conflicting) roles of different actors in this environment. We begin…

  • A Resource guide to housing in South Africa 1994 – 2010: Legislation, Policy, Programmes and Practice

    This resource guide provides an overview of housing legislation and jurisprudence, policy and implementation in South Africa since 1994. The housing terrain in the country is complex, in large part due to the deliberate policy and legislative framework of socio-economic and spatial exclusion and marginalisation created during apartheid, but also due to failures on the part of the post-apartheid state to adequately redress these problems…

  • Social Construction of Peri-Urban Places and Alternative Planning in Zanzibar

    Increasingly, scholarship on urban Africa has focused on the social construction of place in informal neighbourhoods. In this approach, researchers often highlight the fluidity, contingency, or creativity of the urban poor majority. Efforts to remake planning processes to work with or be driven by these informal everyday place-making strategies can be quite inspiring. Yet I question whether these ideas as put into practice in cities can be anything more than survival strategies of the abject poor…

  • A World Class African Metropolis

    When it was formed in 2008, critics hastily dismissed the Ministry of Nairobi Metropolitan Development as unnecessary political baggage for the taxpayer and even predicted that it would be a flop. But the first Minister to hold the docket, Mr Mutula Kilonzo, now Justice Minister, shrugs off such insinuations: “We want to transform Nairobi into a major wealth creation hub that will change the lifestyle of its residents”. Pointing out that his vision…

  • Plan Directeur D’urbanisme De Dakar Horizon «2025»

    Dans le cadre de son programme d’appui aux collectivités locales, le Ministère de l’Urbanisme, de l’Habitat, de l’Hydraulique et de l’Assainissement, a confié au groupement de bureaux d’études Cabinet d’Architecture et d’Urbanisme du Sénégal (CAUS) et le bureau Central des Etudes d’Outre Mer (BCEOM), les études du plan directeur d’urbanisme de la ville de Dakar horizon 2025.

  • Urban Fortresses: Gated communities as a reaction to crime

    One of the consequences of the state’s inability to protect the life and property of all its citizens—especially in developing countries—is the formation of private alternatives to crime prevention and control. Gated communities, or enclosed neighbourhoods, are one such popular alternative. This article compares the phenomenon of gated communities in two developing countries: South Africa and Brazil. Both countries are plagued by violent crime and share…

  • Urbanization and development in sub-Saharan Africa

    Data from the United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP) Human Development Report and the World Bank’s World Development Report are employed to test the hypothesis of a positive link between urbanization and development in sub-Saharan Africa. Level of urbanization is defined as the percentage of a country’s population in cities with at least 20,000 inhabitants. Development is operationalized in terms of the human development index (HDI). Results from correlation and t-test analyses confirm the hypothesized relationship. Thus, the study shows…

  • Cities and Biodiversity Outlook —Action and Policy

    CBO – Action and Policy provides the summary of a global assessment of the links between urbanization, biodi- versity, and ecosystem services. Drawing on contributions from more than 120 scientists and policy-makers from around the world, it summarizes how urbanization affects biodiversity and ecosystem services and pres- ents 10 key messages for strengthening conservation and sustainable use of natural resources in an urban context. It also showcases best practices and lessons learned…

  • The changing spatial economy of cities: An exploratory analysis of Cape Town

    The spatial economy of South African cities is generally believed to be experiencing selective deconcentration, which may exacerbate social inequality because of the physical disconnection between jobs and population. This paper assesses whether the locational pattern of economic activity across Cape Town is following this trajectory, using data from the Regional Service Council levies between 2001 and 2005. One of the main findings is that the city centre and areas close to the centre have maintained their economic dominance, therefore Cape Town remains a monocentric city. Yet the pattern of recent growth is more dispersed…

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