• Exploring the connections: mining and urbanisation in Ghana

    Studies of mining and urbanisation have been primarily conducted independently of one another, with limited consideration of the inter-linkages between the two. This analysis seeks to fill this gap by exploring the links between mining and urbanisation in a Ghanaian context. Ghana is an interesting case as it is both endowed with significant mineral wealth and is highly urbanised, with a long history of urban settlement compared to most of sub-Saharan Africa. Mining and…

  • The power of mining: the fall of gold and rise of Johannesburg.

    The City of Johannesburg has developed through the entire life-cycle of the mining industry. In its early years, its development was tied to the varying, but generally upward, fortunes of the mining industry. During this time, gold mining in Johannesburg, and along the Witwatersrand, propelled the growth of South Africa’s national economy into a phase of self-sustained development, and created an integrated labour market across southern Africa. It also played a key role in shaping the racial oligarchy that dominated South Africa until the fall of apartheid in the 1990s. However, gold was eventually to decline, first in the areas around Johannesburg, and then elsewhere. The growth of Johannesburg…

  • Planning within a Context of Informality: Issues and Trends in Land Delivery in Enugu, Nigeria

    By exploring the nature and extent of informality in land markets and the ways in which land, and, to a lesser extent, services are delivered and managed in situations where the public sector is unable or unwilling to fulfil this function, this case study of Enugu in Nigeria aims to deepen understanding of how informal (customary) land delivery is organized and the roles of the various actors involved. In this introductory section, the paper begins with a broad overview of the literature on the various issues that…

  • The Urban Transition in Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications for Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction

    This paper challenges several common myths that cloud discourse about urban development in Africa. It finds that urbanization in the region is not excessive or imbalanced relative to the experience of other regions. Internal migration, which is not the main source of urban growth, does not account for urban poverty. Migration appears favorable on balance for sending and receiving areas, and population mobility benefits rural and urban households as many retain a foothold in both…

  • Street trading in Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality: Realities and challenges

    South Africa’s informal sector is growing in line with the rate of unemployment, as people seek ways to sustain themselves. People resort to this sector because the barriers to entry and the technical expertise needed to run an informal business are minimal. It is a sector of concern to the government as scholars acknowledge the existence of the informal traders, and a fight to integrate them with the formal business stream has ensued. This document reports the findings of a research study on informal/ street traders in…

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