• Cities of Hope: Young people and opportunities in South Africa’s cities

    Although about 60 percent of South Africans live in urban areas, the country is comparatively under-urbanised and key policy makers remain ambivalent about the desirability of further urbanisation. International experience shows that there are considerable economic and employment benefits to be derived from the dynamic urbanisation process and from managing cities well. South Africa’s future … Continued

  • “You Are All Terrorists”: Kenyan Police Abuse of Refugees in Nairobi

    This 68-page report was based on interviews with 101 refugees, asylum seekers, and Kenyans of Somali ethnicity. The report documents how police used grenade and other attacks by unknown people in Nairobi’s mainly Somali suburb of Eastleigh and a government order to relocate urban refugees to refugee camps as an excuse to rape, beat, extort money from, and arbitrarily detain…

  • Social Dynamics: a journal of African studies

    Social Dynamics, a journal of African Studies, is produced in collaboration with the University of Cape Town’s Centre for African Studies. The April edition includs two special sections: “Camps and Liberation in Southern Africa” and “National Development Plan: Eradicating Poverty, Unemployment and Inequality?” It is available for free for a limited time from…

  • Implementing a Revised Refugee Policy for Urban Refugees in Tanzania

    Although well known as a host for refugees in rural camps, Tanzania also hosts a large population of urban refugees. Like most urban refugees in Africa, these refugees live without legal status and without humanitarian or resettlement assistance. There are indications that Tanzania will adopt a revised policy that will recognise urban refugees. However, a revised policy…

  • Insiders but Outsiders: The Struggle for the Inclusion of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in South Africa

    This article examines the politics of urban refugees in South Africa. It shows that despite South Africa’s adoption of an encompassing rights-regarding legal framework that has the potential to be inclusive towards asylum seekers and refugees in the country and afford them basic human rights and protection, asylum seekers and refugees nonetheless remain “internally excluded”, predominantly as a result of practices adopted by a nationalist…

  • To be or not to be: Urban refugees in Kampala

    In Uganda, refugee policy and programming is focused almost exclusively on providing protection and assistance to refugees residing in rural settlements. While international law allows refugees the right to freedom of movement and choice of residence, Ugandan legislation restricts refugees’ residency to rural settlements, subjecting those who wish to live outside of settlements and in urban centres to severe…

  • Non-Governmental Development Organisations (NGDOs) in the City and the Quest for Poverty Reduction

    Urbanisation and the urban poverty reduction debate has lately entered centre stage of development discourse with the emerging trend that half of the world’s population now lives in urban areas. In Malawi, urbanisation is growing at an unprecedented pace. In this paper I argue that the growing rural-urban trend calls for a concerted effort, including the participation of Non-Governmental Development Organisations (NGDOs) whose potential to contribute to poverty reduction can be enhanced if there is greater awareness…

  • Global Monitoring Report 2013: Rural-Urban Dynamics

    Global Monitoring Report 2013: Rural-Urban Dynamics provides an in-depth analysis on urbanization as a force for poverty reduction and progress towards the MDGs in the developing world. With less than 1,000 days to go before the MDGs expire, the report highlights the need to accelerate efforts to improve the lives of the poor in both rural and urban areas.

  • Social inclusion: a platform for social integration in Cosmo City

    The thesis aims to explore how architecture and urban design as a tool can create an inclusive environment that allows diverse people to gather and socialise. And in addition question how principles of movement, access, multi- use and open space can create a design that becomes responsive to its context and users.

  • City design and social exclusion: Abuja, Nigeria in review

    This thesis investigation explores the relationship between city design and social exclusion, and more specifically, how modernist principles of urban design and development policy have contributed to social exclusion in Abuja – the capital city of Nigeria. This study is facilitated through reading the city and its unique and common characteristics. Based on my experiences in the city over a three month period, I use my understanding of urban development, and relevant documents…

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