• Non-Governmental Development Organisations (NGDOs) in the City and the Quest for Poverty Reduction

    Urbanisation and the urban poverty reduction debate has lately entered centre stage of development discourse with the emerging trend that half of the world’s population now lives in urban areas. In Malawi, urbanisation is growing at an unprecedented pace. In this paper I argue that the growing rural-urban trend calls for a concerted effort, including the participation of Non-Governmental Development Organisations (NGDOs) whose potential to contribute to poverty reduction can be enhanced if there is greater awareness…

  • Global Monitoring Report 2013: Rural-Urban Dynamics

    Global Monitoring Report 2013: Rural-Urban Dynamics provides an in-depth analysis on urbanization as a force for poverty reduction and progress towards the MDGs in the developing world. With less than 1,000 days to go before the MDGs expire, the report highlights the need to accelerate efforts to improve the lives of the poor in both rural and urban areas.

  • Vulnerability of Poor Urban Coastal Communities to Flooding in Lagos, Nigeria

    This paper considers the risks from and vulnerabilities to flooding in four urban poor communities close to the coast in Lagos, Nigeria. Drawing on interviews with inhabitants and key informants and also on group discussions, it documents the scale and frequency of flooding in these settlements and the impacts, as well as the individual, household and community responses. It also considers the factors that have contributed to increasing flood risks in Lagos, including the uncontrolled expansion of the built-up area, the lack of infrastructure and the failure not only to expand stormwater drainage but also…

  • The Analysis of Urban Poverty in Ethiopia

    This paper analyses urban poverty in Ethiopia using two rounds of household survey data from the Ethiopian Urban Household survey. Poverty estimates are provided to highlight the degree of deprivation experienced by urban Ethiopians. The results show that the incidence of urban poverty is high with a head count index of 41 percent in 1994 and 43 percent in 2000. The results from the decomposition of poverty into growth and inequality effects confirm that…

  • The Urban Transition in Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications for Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction

    This paper challenges several common myths that cloud discourse about urban development in Africa. It finds that urbanization in the region is not excessive or imbalanced relative to the experience of other regions. Internal migration, which is not the main source of urban growth, does not account for urban poverty. Migration appears favorable on balance for sending and receiving areas, and population mobility benefits rural and urban households as many retain a foothold in both…

  • Provision of ARVs in a resource-poor setting: Kibera Slum, Kenya

    Kenya is one of Africa’s largest informal settlements. Health indicators are extremely poor and HIV prevalence is estimated at 20%, almost twice the national average. Despite ARV drugs being made available in a pilot programme implemented by African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF) and Centre for Disease Control (CDC), enrolment rates into the programme have been very low raising questions about strategies for providing ARV in resource-poor settings. Description: Since 1998 AMREF has been implementing a community-based health care project …