• Reclaiming Reusable and Recyclable Materials in Africa: A Critical Review of English Language Literature

    The sight of people rummaging through rubbish bins is ubiquitous in many African cities. Yet, aside from the well-documented and widely celebrated case of the zabbaleen in Egypt, Africa does not generally feature within current international debates on people who extract useful materials from the waste stream. Although a significant amount of research has, in fact, been conducted on this topic, to date there has not been a systematic effort to bring this literature together in order to distil key insights regarding the African experience. This paper seeks…

  • Waste Management in Contemporary Nigeria: The Abuja Example

    Environmental hazards of varying magnitude dangerously threaten human and animal lives in most urban centers in Nigeria. As the case of Abuja, Nigeria’s federal capital, used in this study revealed, rapid urbanization, rural-urban migration, little or no town planning efforts coupled with attitudinal irresponsibility, lack of political will, ineptitude and graft have independently and collectively created environmental challenge in Nigeria. With human/solid waste decorating street corners and public space everywhere in Nigeria…

  • Accra Ghana: A City Vulnerable to Flooding and Drought-Induced Migration

    This case study will address some expected climate-related impacts on Accra, Ghana, a rapidly developing coastal city with a population of about 3 million people on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. For this study, urban climate change impacts will be considered in the context of historical urban growth patterns in Accra, the influence of longstanding migration patterns from the interior and other coastal locations, and the threat of flooding from streams and other urban waterways. All of these…

  • Linking the Green and Brown Agendas: A Case Study on Cairo, Egypt

    The green agenda in cities is about ensuring the natural ecosystems of land, water and air are part of the city and its management. The brown agenda is about managing wastes, energy, transport and buildings. This paper uses the case study of Cairo to illustrate how these two agendas can be integrated and how town planning is necessary to facilitate this process.

  • Cities and Biodiversity Outlook —Action and Policy

    CBO – Action and Policy provides the summary of a global assessment of the links between urbanization, biodi- versity, and ecosystem services. Drawing on contributions from more than 120 scientists and policy-makers from around the world, it summarizes how urbanization affects biodiversity and ecosystem services and pres- ents 10 key messages for strengthening conservation and sustainable use of natural resources in an urban context. It also showcases best practices and lessons learned…

  • An Assessment of the Impact of Bangalore Citizen Report Cards on the Performance of Public Agencies

    The Bangalore Citizen Report Card (CRC), pioneered by the Public Affairs Centre (PAC), provides an assessment of the satisfaction levels of citizens with regard to public services in Bangalore and ranks public service agencies (dealing with water, power, municipal services, transport, housing, telephones, banks and hospitals) in terms of their service performance. This review provides an independent assessment of the contribution of the first two CRCs (1994 and 1999) based on interviews with a sample of agency heads, senior state officials, citizen action groups and the media in Bangalore.